Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening

DON’T LET BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER BE A PART OF
YOUR FUTURE OR YOUR HISTORY.

IT IS UP TO YOU TO MAKE THESE KILLERS A THING OF THE PAST.


BREAST CANCER: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW.
Breast cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death among women in Kentucky. Early detection screenings such as mammograms and breast exams are two of the best measures to protect yourself from this killer. Be your own hero and take the simple steps to save your own life!

The risk factors for breast cancer include, but are not limited to,
• Being a woman and being older
• Being young when you first had your menstrual period or starting menopause at an early age
• Being older at the birth of your first child, not breastfeeding or never giving birth
• Having a personal history of breast cancer or a family history of breast cancer
• Being overweight

The signs and symptoms of breast cancer are:
• Lump in breast or underarm
• Nipple discharge other than breast milk
• Changes in the appearance, size, or shape of the breast
• Pain in any area of the breast

CERVICAL CANCER: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

Cervical cancer rates in Kentucky are the 5th highest in the United States. Cervical cancer is highly preventable because screening tests and a vaccine to prevent HPV are available. The facts are that more than 12,000 U.S. women are diagnosed and 4,000 women will die from cervical cancer. The main cause of cervical cancer is HPV (human papillomavirus) infection. HPV is a common virus passed from one person to another during sex. Obtaining the HPV vaccination, not smoking or quitting smoking, and pap tests are the most effective ways of protecting yourself against this killer. Only you can take the steps for early detection to make sure that cervical cancer is not part of your future.

The risk factors for cervical cancer are:
• Having HPV (human papillomavirus) contracted during sexual intercourse and being sexually active at an early age or if you or your partner have had multiple partners
• Having HIV or another condition that makes it difficult for your body to fight off health problems
• Smoking
• Having given birth to 3 or more children

The signs and symptoms of advanced cervical cancer include, but are not limited to, the following:
• Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
• Leg or pelvic pain
• Loss of appetite/weight loss and fatigue

BEST WAYS TO PROTECT YOURSELF
Mammograms, breast exams, pap tests, and HPV vaccinations are the best ways to protect yourself against breast and cervical cancer. All of these services take only a few minutes and are far less uncomfortable or painful than treatment for cancer. Don’t lose sight of the long-term goal to take the short-term steps to save your life. Contact the health department or your medical provider to determine your need for these services.

A mammogram is the best way to find out if you have breast cancer. This x-ray can find cancers that are too small to detect through breast exams. The mammogram machines that are used today are much less uncomfortable and only take a few minutes to complete. Breast exams are important to be performed not only by you but by a health professional to check for lumps in the breast or changes in the breast.

Pap tests are done during a pelvic exam and the tests can find the earliest signs of cervical cancer, along with infections and abnormal cervical cells that could result in cancer. These simple tests are performed by a trained medical provider to extract cervical and vaginal cells to send to the lab for testing of any abnormalities. HPV vaccinations are given as 3 injections over 6 months. If you have no insurance or insurance that does not cover the HPV vaccination, contact the health department for availability.

WHAT CAN YOU DO IF YOU HAVE NO INSURANCE AND CANNOT AFFORD
THESE SCREENINGS
?
The Kentucky Women’s Cancer Screening Program (KWCSP) provides low-cost mammograms and pap tests through the health department for women who are eligible. A woman may be eligible for KWCSP who is between the ages of 21 and 64; has a household income less than 250% of the federal poverty guideline, and has no health insurance or other third party payer including Medicaid or Medicare. Mammograms or breast ultrasounds are available for women under 40 as indicated by family or medical history to be determined by the local health department providers. Eligibility for the KWCSP does not guarantee eligibility for Medicaid services through the Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Program (BCCTP).

To be eligible for the BCCTP, a woman must be screened and diagnosed through the KWCSP through the health department or contract provider, must be found to be in need of treatment for either breast or cervical cancer (including a precancerous condition or early stage cancer), is between the ages of 21 and 64, has a household income less than 250% of the federal poverty guidelines, does not have creditable health insurance coverage or is not eligible for medical assistance or public insurance, is a Kentucky resident and U.S. citizen or qualified alien, and is not a resident of a public institution.

If you have any questions about the KWCSP or the BCCTP, please contact the health department or refer to http://chfs.ky.gov/dph/info/dwh/cancerscreening.htm.
Medical Providers of Mammography and OB/GYN Services in Calloway County

Mammograms
Murray-Calloway County Hospital
(270) 762-1100 (Switchboard)

OB/GYN Services
Murray Woman’s Clinic
(270) 753-9300

Primary Care Medical Center
(270) 759-9200

Cancer Information

Kentucky Cancer Program

American Cancer Society

www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/
www.cervicalcancerfreeky.org/
www.kycancerprogram.org/kcp-west/
www.cancer.org

If you have any questions, please contact the health department or refer to http://chfs.ky.gov/dph/info/dwh/cancerscreening.htm.